Physical Chemistry I (N403011SIS)
|Lecture ||Exercise ||Laboratory ||Examination
|3 ||2 ||0 ||Z+Zk
The subject covers elementary parts of physical chemistry (basic ideas and quantities, state behaviour, fundamentals of thermodynamics) which are followed by chapters of phase equlibria and chemical equilibria. The selected parts of behaviour and properties of electrolytes are introduced. The final part is devoted to kinetics of chemical reactions.
- 1. Basic terminology, thermodynamic system, thermodynamic process, state properties.
- 2. State behaviour of gases, equation of state of ideal gas. Real gas and its behaviour.
- 3. 1st law of thermodynamics. Internal energy, heat, work.
- 4. Enthalpy, heat of reaction, standard enthalpy of formation. Hess and Kirchhoff's laws.
- 5. 2nd law of thermodynamics, entropy. Entropy changes on selected processes.
- 6. Helmholtz and Gibbs energy, their significance. 3rd law of thermodynamics.
- 7. Partial molar quantities, activity, chemical potential, standard states.
- 8. Phase equilibria in single-component systems, Clapeyron equation.
- 9. Gibbs phase law, vapour-liquid equilibrium in ideal systems, phase diagrams.
- 10.Solubility of gases in liquids, equilibria in condensed systems.
- 11.Material balance of chemical reactions. Equilibrium constant. Equilibria in electrolyte systems.
- 12.Equilibrium composition. Reactions in gaseous phase.
- 13.Faraday´s law, galvanic cells, Nernst equation.
- 14.Basic terms of chemical kinetics, reaction rate, integration of rate equations.
- The participants will be informed at the first meeting.